arecaceae lower classifications

Characters of Meliaceae 2. The stout trunk carries a crown of pinnate leaves with lower leaflets metamorphosed into long, vicious spines (acanthophylls). Dead leaves persist around the stem providing protective felting against excesses of heat or cold. A list of all accepted names in Arecaceae is available in CSV format. Nine species have suckering trunks forming clumps, while the remaining four are solitary. Phoenix sylvestris is native to Southern Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, growing at elevations of up to 4500ft, but commonly on low ground and along river banks. Phoenix dactylifera has little frost resistance although brief, light frosts may be tolerated. A large collection of Palms can be seen at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, especially in the Palm House. The Arecaceae are a botanical family of perennial flowering plants in the monocot order Arecales. Most palms are native to tropical and subtropical climates. The growth habit of palms is usually a straight, unbranched stem, and rarely a dichotomous branching stem or a creeping vine-like habit (liana). ), Pony-Tail Palm (Beaucarnea recurvata). Trachycarpus wagnerianus (Miniature Chusan Palm Tree, Waggie Palm) This cold-hardy palm is a more compact version of T. fortunei, but still capable of growing 30ft tall. hyo = pig + phorb = fodder  The genus Hyophorbe includes 5 species of palm trees from the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Subfamily Ceroxyloideae has small to medium-sized flowers, spirally arranged, with a gynoecium of three joined carpels. The leaves are used for thatching and wrapping food. The leaves have a tubular sheath at the base that usually splits open on one side at maturity. The trunk supports a crown of 40 - 50 blue-grey, pinnate leaves which fall off cleanly after dying. However, pal… Hahn, W. J. [6] Areca is derived from Portuguese, via Malayalam അടയ്ക്ക (aṭaykka), which is from Proto-Dravidian *aṭ-ay-kkāy (“areca nut”). Leaves are pinnate. Chilean Wine Palms may be sufficiently hardy to survive in mild parts of Britain and other temperate climates where frosts are not severe. This palm tree can grow a 75ft trunk crowned with many 6ft fans of leaflets at the end of 6ft petioles. The smooth trunks are marked with leaf scars and bear a crown of large pinnate leaves. Cal Its fossilised nuts are found in Dorset. [14] The coco de mer (Lodoicea maldivica) has the largest seeds of any plant, 40–50 cm in diameter and weighing 15–30 kg each (coconuts are the second largest). This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 16:34. Each leaf is composed of many 2ft leaflets and varies in colour between different plants from blue-green to grey-green to yellow-green. The inflorescence is a 3ft hanging panicle of white flowers followed by purple-red fruit containing a large, grooved seed. Using botanical gardens for conservation also presents problems, since they can rarely house more than a few plants of any species or truly imitate the natural setting. In contemporary times, palms are also widely used in landscaping, making them one of the most economically important plants. Not frost hardy. Arecaceae have great economic importance, including coconut products, oils, dates, palm syrup, ivory nuts, carnauba wax, rattan cane, raffia, and palm wood. Moore 1966 (Metal Palm) This slow growing palm has a slender green stem up to 8 ft tall, topped with a whorl of broad, simple silvery-grey leaves with a metallic lustre and bifurcated tips. Trachycarpus fortunei is cultivated in China and Japan for this purpose, and has been for thousands of years so that its exact place of origin is obscure. The specific name is derived from the Binori Reserve Forest. W.H. 371 - 287 BC, pupil of Aristotle, Father of Botany, who demonstrated how to pollinate the date palm by hand. (J. Dransfield & N. Uhl & C. Asmussen & W.J. For inhabitants of cooler climates today, palms symbolize the tropics and vacations. Palms may also live in grasslands and scrublands, usually associated with a water source, and in desert oases such as the date palm. Above: a small Jubaea chilensis outside the Temperate House, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The flowers are often urn-shaped with fused petals, Some clones are hermaphrodites. Left: Chuniophoenix nana  Burret 1940 Syn. Holotype. The fruit is eaten by some people local to its natural range. In Judaism, the palm represents peace and plenty, and is one of the Four Species of Sukkot; the palm may also symbolize the Tree of Life in Kabbalah. The yellow-orange oval fruits contain a single large grooved seed surrounded by fruit pulp that is too thin to be worth eating. nov. (Pl. Phoenix  Linnaeus 1753 Name: Greek phoinix, phoinikos = date palm (Theophrastus, Pliny the Elder)  The genus Phoenix includes 13 species of palm trees from Mediterranean Europe and the Canary Islands, Africa and Asia. The flowers are pollinated by a specific weevil, attracted by a perfume, uniquely produced by the adjacent leaves. [citation needed], Whether as shrubs, tree-like, or vines, palms have two methods of growth: solitary or clustered. Lower leaflets are spiny. Areca catechu  Linnaeus 1753 (Betel Nut Palm) Areca catechu is the best known palm tree in the genus Areca. This Palm is cold sensitive and will not tolerate any but the lightest frost which will damage the foliage. Palms have large, evergreen leaves that are either palmately ('fan-leaved') or pinnately ('feather-leaved') compound and spirally arranged at the top of the stem. The Arecaceae are notable among monocots for their height and for the size of their seeds, leaves, and inflorescences. Chamaedorea  Willdenow 1806 Name: Greek chamai = on the ground + dorea = gift  The genus Chamaedorea includes 107 species of small to medium-sized palms with slender bamboo-like stems. Female flowers are followed by orange to dark red or black drupes which are toxic and should not be eaten. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119248. Introduction Arecaceae or Palmae is an ancient and fourth largest family among monocotyledons (Sub-class Spadiciflorae) after Orchidaceae, Poaceae and Liliaceae.Palms are mostly tropical and can be found in all habitats from rain forests, deserts to … Chamaerops  Linnaeus 1753 The genus Chamaerops is monotypic for Chamaerops humilis (Dwarf Fan Palm, European Fan Palm). explored subfamily and tribe relationships using chloroplast DNA from 60 genera from all subfamilies and tribes. A variety formerly known as C. erumpens has much wider leaflets. 371 - 287 BC, pupil of Aristotle, Father of Botany, who demonstrated how to pollinate the date palm by hand. Nypa  Steck 1757 This genus is monotypic for the South-East Asian palm Nypa fruticans. Statistically derived mean annual temperature, mean annual temperature range, and CMMT thresholds for the Arecaceae and lower rank subfamilies and tribes reveal large differences in temperature sensitivity depending on lower taxonomic classification. [17] Some species form pure stands in areas with poor drainage or regular flooding, including Raphia hookeri which is common in coastal freshwater swamps in West Africa. Learn about Plant Taxonomy. Raffia palms (Raphia spp.) & Drude – archontophoenix P A single date palm can produce 50kg of nutritious fruit every year, an important staple food in North Africa and the Middle East, and is said to have 800 uses besides. Rhapis excelsa  Henry 1930 (Kannon Chiku, Broadleaf Lady Palm) Syn. The stamens generally number six, with filaments that may be separate, attached to each other, or attached to the pistil at the base. Hyophorbe lagenicaulis  (L. Bailey) H.E. The Calamoideae are a subfamily of the palm family Arecaceae containing 21 genera and about 620 species. All tribes have pinnate or bipinnate leaves and flowers arranged in groups of three, with a central pistillate and two staminate flowers. Specifically it is the symbol of Krishna's brother, Baladeva. The leaves and stems are used as a source of fibre for weaving or thatching. [24] Date wood, pits for storing dates, and other remains of the date palm have been found in Mesopotamian sites. The rounded shiny leaves with incompletely separated leaflets become more divided as the plant matures. South America, the Caribbean, and areas of the south Pacific and southern Asia are regions of concentration. The harvesting of heart of palm, a delicacy in salads, also poses a threat because it is derived from the palm's apical meristem, a vital part of the palm that cannot be regrown (except in domesticated varieties, e.g. Jubaea chilensis  Baillon 1895 (Chilean Wine Palm) The massive grey trunk tends to taper towards its base and crown giving a swollen appearance. The canopies of the Rathayatra carts which carry the deities of Krishna and his family members in the cart festival of Jagganath Puri in India are marked with the emblem of a palm tree. Flowers are followed by yellowish-brown fruit, dates, with a single large grooved seed surrounded by sweet pulp. The fruits are usually indehiscent nuts, berries or drupes. These are the palms planted along Californian boulevards and beaches e.g. Trunk crowned with pinnate leaves with a single gene. [ 20,. Bases and felted with fibrous leaf sheafs persist for a cool conservatory Hyophorbe = pig phorb. 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With circular brown leaf scars and bear a crown of up to 7.5 m tall find the perfect Arecaceae photo. India, Ceylon and South-East Asia though the Malay Archipelago into North-Eastern Australia Northern! Weaving or thatching making them one of the palm family with human uses are numerous basic structures of monocots palms. Few Extensive phylogenetic studies of the tropical regions around the world, reaching up to ft., chewing of which is popular in South-East Asia though the Malay Archipelago into North-Eastern Australia ( Northern Territory Queensland., articles and tips weaving or thatching low humidity and cold makes it common in shops and offices Whether shrubs...

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