Exeg. Of the two occurrences remaining, one is Hebrews 12:2, and the other is from Ephesians: "For no man ever hates his own flesh , but nourishes and cherishes it, as Christ does the church, 30 because we are members of his body. p. 155, and others), is unsuitable, because Hebrews 12:16 is nothing else but the continued amplification of the διώκετε τὸν ἁγιασμόν, Hebrews 12:14. ἢ βέβηλος ὡς ἠσαῦ] or a profane person (a man of unhallowed, common mind, centred upon the earthly), as Esau. Hebrews 12:16 lest [there be] any fornication, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright. Hebrews 12:20, 21 The Inferiority of Judaism. Hebrews 12:15. None of the oldest authorities support κρείττονα of Rec. Greek Term Paper on Exegesis of Hebrews 12 1 3 Assignment As Louis. Some so separate, by a comma as to preclude its being an intended epithet for, . A profane personis one who makes a temporal use of a sacred thing. ): and so Calvin, Seb. (258). He thought so little of his rights as the older son, that he literally gave them away for a single meal. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Lest there be any fornicator or profane person, Ð§ÑÐ¾Ð±Ñ Ð½Ðµ Ð±ÑÐ»Ð¾ Ð¼ÐµÐ¶Ð´Ñ Ð²Ð°Ð¼Ð¸ ÐºÐ°ÐºÐ¾Ð³Ð¾ Ð±Ð»ÑÐ´Ð½Ð¸ÐºÐ°, Ð¸Ð»Ð¸ Ð½ÐµÑÐµÑÑÐ¸Ð²ÑÐ°. By fornication understand all conjunction with women out of wedlock, be it with single or married persons. ASV. Hebrews 12:16 Greek Study Bible (Apostolic / Interlinear) μή τις πόρνος ἢ βέβηλος ὡς Ἠσαῦ, ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς ἀπέδετο τὰ πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ. Comp. The character of Esau, from Scripture as well as tradition, will very well bear the designation πόρνος: and the balance of the sentence is better preserved by applying both to him, than by leaving πόρνος insulated. or profane--Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau's sin. What does this verse really mean? Hebrews 12:16 . Tit. Immorality is always a danger, and many, like Esau, will be tempted to give away their future for a moment’s pleasure. for one morsel of meat he sold his birthright. Hebrews 12-16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. It appears, from the history of Jacob"s family, that, although the blessing of Abraham did not necessarily descend to the firstborn, 1 Chronicles 5:1, yet there appears to have been a preference of the elder. Darby's English Translation This properly interprets the root of bitterness before, by two special fruits of it. If now, through any temptation or pressure, you let go the benefits you have in Christ, you are committing yourselves to an act you cannot recall. This enumeration is not only not confused, but its arrangement has been well considered. We cannot suppose that the writer has in thought the material rights of the firstborn, such as his claim on pre-eminence and, possibly (see Deuteronomy 21:17), on a larger share of his fatherâs possessions. Our apostle proceeds in these verses to warn them against such sins as would occasion their apostasy and falling from the grace of God, and they are fornication and profaneness; together, because they usually go together; fornicators, such especially as are habitually so, do always grow profane, and profane persons do set light by fornication, and they are sins very seldom forsaken; few fornicators and profane persons, do ever come to repentance. What do they enjoy here?âA momentary gratification, to which they sacrifice all their future well-being. Esau said, “Isn’t he rightly named Jacob? One verse per line Red Letter Cross References Footnotes Strongs Numbers Hide Verse Numbers Close. prototokia. ACD( δ)f Vulg. An dhow will they one day, with Esau, regret the same inflexibility on the part of God, their Father! Let there be.âThis is one of those sins which we are expressly taught exclude men from the kingdom of God, 1 Corinthians 6:9-10. annot. Among primitive nations the firstborn had eminent secular rights and honours; but in the Abrahamic family it implied a religious continuity of lineage, through which, according to the Abrahamic promise, Messiah was to be born. He is a bad example of the bitter plant. It is not to be referred also to πόρνος (so still Delitzsch and Alford), since nothing is related in scripture concerning a πορνεία of Esau (more, it is true, the later Rabbis have to tell us; see Wetstein at our passage), and the elucidatory relative has respect only to βέβηλος. The 17th verse acquaints us with the fruitlessness of Esau's sorrow for parting with his birthright, and the unprofitableness of his endeavours in order to the recovery of it: when he would have inherited the blessing afterwards. His conduct affords a striking emblem of those who prefer the gratification of their appetites to the enjoyment of the eternal inheritance. Î»Î¿Ï á½¡Ï á¼¨ÏÎ±á¿¦ á½Ï á¼Î½Ïá½¶ Î²ÏÏÏÎµÏÏ Î¼Î¹á¾¶Ï á¼ÏÎÎ´Î¿ÏÎ¿ Ïá½° ÏÏÏÏÎ¿ÏÏÎºÎ¹Î± Î±á½ÏÎ¿á¿¦, ×¤× ×××¦× ××× ×× × ×× ××× ××¢×©× ××©×¨ ×× ××× ××× ×××¨ ××ª ××××¨×ª××, ÜÜ Ü Ü¡Ü ÜÜ¢Ü« Ü¢Ü«Ü¬ÜÜ ÜÜÜÜ¢ ÜÜÜ¢Ü ÜÜªÜ¦Ü ÜÜÜ Ü¥Ü¤Ü ÜÜÜÜÜ Ü¡ÜÜÜÜ Ü¬Ü ÜÜÜ¢ ÜÜÜÜªÜÜ¬Ü Ü, Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, Î Î¡ÎÎ£ ÎÎÎ¡ÎÎÎÎ¥Î£ 12:16 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. for a single meal. ii. Jehovah could not be the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Esau, for Esau and his line contemned him. Many , [ hoi (Greek #3588) polloi (Greek #4183)] - 'the many;' i:e., the whole congregation. His seniority appeared to give him a claim to be the representative of his father and grandfather, and, consequently, to obtain the high privilege of being the progenitor of Christ. See the case of Isaac and his two sons, Jacob and Esau, in the history to which the apostle alludes, Genesis 27; and that of Jacob and his twelve sons, Genesis 49. Afterwards Esau would have inherited the blessing, and sought it carefully with tears. κρείττινα, better things, ch. Note that v. 3 is introduced by the Greek subordinating conjunction gar, which gives the grounds for the exhortation in vv. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. Esau was said by tradition to have been unchaste, but it is not clearly said here; while it is clearly said that he was a profane person. 7, “poenitentiae haeredis is locum non esse” (Wetstein)]. There was a manifest want of appreciation of its value, ὃς τὴν παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ τιμὴν ταύτην διὰ τῆς οἰκείας ῥᾳθυμίας ἀπέδοτο, καὶ μικρᾶς ἡδονῆς χάριν τὴν μεγίστην τιμὴν καὶ δόξαν ἀπώλεσε. Yet we may, with Grotius, Bleek, de Wette, Tholuck, Alford, Maier, Kurtz, and the majority, supplement merely ᾖ: that no one be a fornicator. On the difference and connection of each economy, comp. $3.99 a month puts a library of commentaries, study notes, and Greek & Hebrew language tools right in your pocket. Fornication is nearly akin to gluttony, Esau's sin. See Romans 14:17. sold. Same as "yield", Hebrews 12:11. birthright. ad Revelation 14:10. Instead of one morsel, the Greek may be more properly rendered one mess. Or if any one will have repentance referred to Esau himself, still the Novatian heretics can have no advantage in favour of their error, when they deny that sinners can repent, because Esau's tears might only be for a temporal loss, not for God's sake, nor for the guilt of his sins, so that he wanted the dispositions of a true penitent and of a contrite heart. Hebrews 12:26, 27 The Passing of Judaism. Hebrews 6:9. This afterwards, say some, was not less than forth tears, for he sold his birhtright when he was young, and when he designed the recovery of the blessing, Isaac was old: Thus long did he live in sin, without any sense of it, or repentance for it: but falling into distress, it fills him with perplexity, and he seeks the recovery of the blessing: And herein he was a type of all unbelievers, and obstinate refusers of the grace of Christ. Birthright; right by birth to high temporal and spiritual blessings. brosis. πόρνος is to be taken in the natural sense, as Hebrews 13:4. And in the family of Abraham the first-born was the very source whence the Messiah as the Redeemer of the world, and the Church of God, were to spring. Hebrews 11:1; and so it is considered by Paul, Romans 2:16, note: in A and D, the internal economy of Christ, belonging to the New Testament, so far as it meantime prevails, as Paul testifies, 1 Corinthians 15:24. See Neva Miller, The Epistle to the Hebrews: An Analytical and Exegetical Handbook, 383-89; J. Harold Greenlee, Hebrews: … ... 12:15, "lest any man fail of the grace of God;" the second, in "lest any root of bitterness," etc. and — Greek, “yea and,” “and moreover”; bringing out an additional circumstance. Greek. The reflexive ἑαυτοῦ, which must be read, may seem to be superfluous; but it serves to intensify the unworthiness of the act). By birth to high temporal and spiritual blessings often regarded as describing one character but! 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